I’ve been trying lately to include food that is high in protein in my breakfasts. I’m always trying to have delicious noshes in my refrigerator for cocktail hour. It was inevitable that I should run smack into gravlax.
Gravlax is the most delicious, silken, salt-cured salmon served in Scandinavia. It’s a less salty, less aggressive, dill-tinged, slightly sweet lox, which is cold-smoked, and much more subtle than the smoked salmon you find at your local bagelry. And it’s wonderful with PNW salmon. Definitely don’t use Atlantic salmon, which is always farmed, and tastes muddy and yucky once you’ve dipped your toes in the sweet Pacific. Save your Chinook/King salmon for the grill; gravlax is better with the stronger flavors and leaner meat of Sockeye or Coho.
Plan ahead — you’ll need to freeze fresh salmon for 3-7 days to ensure any parasites are killed, or use commercially frozen salmon. All the recipes I’ve seen have called for skin-on fillets, but my fishmonger suggested she skin it, so I went with that. It was just fine, and more convenient. Look for a fillet that’s not too thick at the center, rather more even in thickness for most of the fillet.
For us, 1-1/2 lbs. is plenty, so really think about how much you’ll be eating. It’s better to make less more frequently, since storage alters the flavor and it’s not something that keeps for a very long time. You can freeze it, which dries it out, or keep in the refrigerator for about a week.
My recipe is based on several sources, including the base recipe and comments in this long, comprehensive post from Cooking for Engineers. It’s very much worth the read for debates about how long to freeze and store, whether or not to weigh down the fillet, add-ons, etymology, and parasitology.
Mark Bittman published a collection of recipes that alter the ratio of salt to sugar and feature different spices, including citrus and a Moroccan-inspired rub. He prefers a 2:1 ratio of sugar:salt, but I like 1:1 with my limited desire for sugar. Next time, I’ll surely opt for a traditional splash of Aquavit (or most likely Herbsaint, which I have on hand right now) with the cure.
Simple Gravlax with Dill
Serves 4-6, or more.
- 1.5 lb. fillet of wild Pacific salmon, a less fatty variety like Sockeye or Coho, skinned
- 3 tablespoons coarse salt
- 3 tablespoons sugar
- 2-3 tablespoons chopped dill or fennel fronds
Prepare the salmon by feeling the fillet for small pin bones; remove with tweezers. Freeze salmon for at least 3 days to kill any parasites.
Combine salt and sugar in a small bowl. Chop dill.
On a piece of plastic wrap or aluminum foil that is large enough to wrap the salmon, sprinkle half of the salt/sugar mixture. Place the salmon, dark-fleshed (skin) side down, atop the mixture. Add the rest of the salt and sugar to cover the fish, and sprinkle the dill on top evenly.
Wrap the fish well in the plastic or foil, and then wrap it again in another piece of foil. Place fish in gallon-sized Ziploc bag to reduce smells, and lay out the package on a baking sheet that fits the fillet without bending it.
Refrigerate for 48 hours, flipping over the package every 12 hours or so.
Unwrap the salmon and cut a piece off to make sure it is cured through the middle (it should be an even color). Taste some. If it is too strong for your preparation, rinse off the cure, but you may opt to leave it on. Dry, then slice as thinly as possible on the bias. Serve with brown bread and cream cheese, or in scrambled eggs with crème fraîche and scallions, as I did above. Breakfast of champions.